Transportation Goal 1: Reduce vehicle miles traveled per capita

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Mixed-use and mixed-income development

T-LU 1.1: Increase and target sustainable, mixed-use and mixed-income development at key activity centers and corridors where infrastructure is already in place.

By increasing the number of housing units and types as well as encouraging a mix of uses around existing activity centers and corridors, residents and workers will naturally reduce the mileage they drive. This is not only because distances to get to jobs, grocery stores and other amenities will be reduced, but because sustainable development lends itself to other forms of transportation, like walking, biking, transit and scooters. By developing these types of high-intensity centers and corridors where infrastructure already exists, we will realize several cobenefits such as reduced land consumption and improved opportunities for communities to gather and interact in common spaces.

Equity considerations/opportunities

When implementing this strategy, priority should be given to existing environmental justice (EJ) areas that include activity centers and corridors. Equity opportunities and benefits include jobs access, economic development/workforce development and housing affordability.

  • Mitigation
  • Adaptation

15-minute neighborhoods

T-LU 1.2: Establish 15-minute neighborhoods

The 15-minute neighborhood concept imagines neighborhoods where residents can reach most of their daily needs within a 15-minute walk of their homes. This includes access to goods and services like grocery stores, schools and healthcare. Many residents of 15-minute neighborhoods would also be able to reach their jobs within this 15-minute walkshed, thanks to incentives for small- to medium-sized employers. For a 15-minute neighborhood to be truly sustainable, it would need to contain housing opportunities for a range of income levels, thus allowing a variety of workers to live, work and play within its boundaries. To work towards implementing 15-minute neighborhoods, it is crucial that planners work closely with neighborhood leaders and residents to fine-tune the concept to the particular community.

Equity considerations/opportunities

While 15-minute neighborhoods have the potential to increase opportunities for lower-income households, especially those that do not own a car, gentrification leading to the displacement of existing residents is a possible side effect of this strategy. Therefore, local governments should work to increase incentives for affordable housing and work to diversify employment in partnership with local neighborhood associations.

  • Mitigation
  • Adaptation

Complete and green streets

  • Potential to reduce GHG

    Medium

  • Status/Time frame

    Underway

  • Scale

    Neighborhoods, local government

Partners

BikeWalkKC, transit agencies, local governments, neighborhood associations

Equity considerations/opportunities

Complete streets by their nature provide a more equitable transportation system because they are designed more for people than single-occupant vehicles. Still, changes to streets are not always viewed by the neighborhood in a positive light. All communities should be engaged in changes to the built environment that affect them, and planners should make a concerted effort to engage nearby neighborhoods as early as possible during the planning process to gather input.

Examples

  • Armour Road, North Kansas City
  • Gillham Road, Kansas City, Missouri
  • River Market
  • Lenexa City Center

Action

  • When resurfacing streets, local governments are encouraged to examine local and regional plans, restriping with bike lanes and adding trees or other green infrastructure measures.
  • Encourage adoption and evaluation of complete and green streets policies.
  • Encourage development of local plans for complete streets implementation, including extensive community engagement.
  • Mitigation
  • Adaptation